If you have paid Canadian Employment Insurance (EI) premiums and lose your job in Canada, you can apply for Employment Insurance benefits.
Different types of Employment Insurance benefits are available:
- Regular Employment Insurance benefits - For those who lose a job through no fault of their own, are able to work and are available for work. You must have worked a certain number of insurable hours, normally from 420 to 700, over a qualifying period, usually the previous 52 weeks. The number of insurable hours required depends on where you live in Canada and the unemployment rate for that region.
- Maternity and parental benefits - For those who are pregnant, or caring for a newborn or adopted child.
- Sickness benefits - For those who can't work because they are ill, injured or in quarantine.
- Compassionate care benefits - For those who must miss work to care for a dying relative.
- Benefits for Parents of Critically Ill Children - For eligible parents who must take time off work to care for their critically ill or injured child. Began June 9, 2013.
- Fishing benefits - For those self-employed in fishing.
- Special Employment Insurance Benefits for the Self-Employed - Eligible self-employed Canadians or permanent residents must register with the Canada Employment Insurance Commission and then wait 12 months from the date of confirmed registration to be able to qualify for EI special benefits.
To find out if you can receive benefits, you must submit an Employment Insurance application.