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Definition: Prorogation is the ending of a session of parliament. At prorogation, the business of both the House of Commons and the Senate is stopped until the opening of a new session of parliament.

Bills being considered by the House of Commons and Senate are terminated at prorogation, and must be re-introduced in the next session of parliament.

Parliamentary committees cease to exist at prorogation, all orders of reference to committees lapse, as do memberships and committee chairs end their duties.

The term "prorogation" is also used for the formal end of a session in a provincial legislative assembly in Canada. Any motions or bills on the agenda of the legislative assembly must start over in the next session.

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