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Prime Minister Sir John Abbott

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Sir John Abbott, Prime Minister of Canada

Sir John Abbott, Prime Minister of Canada

William James Topley / Library and Archives Canada / C-000697

About Sir John Abbott:

Sir John Abbott was Prime Minister of Canada for only 17 months and saw himself as a caretaker prime minister, stepping in on the death of Sir John A. Macdonald in 1891.

Sir John Abbott has a few notable firsts to his name:

  • He was the first Canadian prime minister to be born on Canadian soil.

  • He was the first senator to become Prime Minister of Canada.

  • Sir John Abbott was also the first Canadian prime minister to be a member of both the House of Commons and the Senate.

Prime Minister of Canada:

1891-92

Birth:

March 12, 1821 in St. Andrews, Lower Canada

Death:

October 30, 1893 in Montreal, Quebec

Education:

BCL - University of McGill College

Professional Background of Sir John Abbott:

  • Corporate lawyer

  • Dean, Faculty of Law, McGill University, Montreal 1855-80

  • President, Canada Central Railway 1862

  • Raised and commanded Argenteuil Rangers 1862-84

Political Affiliation:

Liberal-Conservative

Ridings (Electoral Districts):

  • Argenteuil (provincial)
  • Argenteuil (federal)

Political Career of Sir John Abbott:

  • John Abbott was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1857.

  • He was re-elected in 1861 and 1863 and was a member until Canadian Confederation in 1867.

  • He was appointed Solicitor General of the Province of Canada in 1862.

  • John Abbott was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 1867.

  • He was appointed to the Canadian Senate in 1887.

  • He was Leader of the Government in the Senate from 1887 to 1893.

  • John Abbott was also Mayor of the municipality of Montreal from 1887 to 1888.

  • On the death of Sir John A. Macdonald, John Abbott became Leader of the Conservative Party and was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada in 1891.

  • John Abbott resigned as Prime Minister of Canada due to ill health in 1892.

  • Sir John Thompson took over as Prime Minister.

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