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Prime Minister Brian Mulroney

Biography of Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister of Canada from 1984 to 1993

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Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister of Canada

Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister of Canada

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Updated: 12/11/2013

About Brian Mulroney

Brian Mulroney believed that the Progressive Conservatives must win Quebec to win the country and proved it by coming to power in 1984 with the largest majority government in Canadian history. By the time Mulroney retired as Prime Minister of Canada in 1993, his personal popularity was lower than that of any other Prime Minister in Canadian history, and the Progressive Conservative Party was faced with a struggle to maintain its existence.

One goal Brian Mulroney had as Prime Minister of Canada was to bring Quebec into the Canadian constitution, and he came close. In the end, both the Meech Lake Accord in 1987 and the Charlottetown Accord in 1992 were defeated, and Canadians had grown tired of constitutional wrangling.

Prime Minister of Canada

1984-93

Highlights as Prime Minister

  • Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement 1988
  • North American Free Trade Agreement - NAFTA 1992
  • Canada Multiculturalism Act 1988
  • Canadian participation in Gulf War 1991
  • Goods and Service Tax 1991
  • Nunavut Settlement Agreement 1993

Birth

March 20, 1939 in Baie Comeau. Quebec

Education

  • BA - St. Francis Xavier University
  • LL.L - Laval University

Professional Background

  • Lawyer
  • Member of the Cliche Commission on Industrial Violence 1974-75
  • President, Iron Ore Company 1977-83
  • Senior Partner, Ogilvy Renault (now Norton Rose Fulbright)
  • Chairman of Quebecor

Political Affiliation

Progressive Conservative

Ridings (Electoral Districts)

  • Central Nova 1983-84
  • Manicouagan 1984-88
  • Charlevoix 1988-93

Political Career of Brian Mulroney

  • In his first bid for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party Brian Mulroney was defeated by Joe Clark in 1976.

  • Brian Mulroney was elected Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party in 1983.

  • He won a seat in the House of Commons later in 1983.

  • Brian Mulroney was Leader of the Opposition from 1983 to 1984.

  • In the general election of 1984 Brian Mulroney led the Progressive Conservatives to the largest majority in Canadian history.

  • Brian Mulroney was sworn in as Prime Minister in 1984.

  • The Progressive Conservatives won a second majority government in 1988 campaigning for free trade with the United States.

  • Brian Mulroney resigned in 1993 and returned to Montreal to practice law.

  • Kim Campbell became the next prime minister of Canada.

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