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Newfoundland and Labrador Facts

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Western Brook Pond, land-locked fjord
Aluma Images/Photographer's Choice RF/Getty Images

Updated: 6/19/2014

About the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador

The most eastern province in Canada consists of the island of Newfoundland and Labrador which is on the mainland of Canada. Newfoundland and Labrador is the youngest Canadian province, joining Canada in 1949.

Location of Newfoundland and Labrador

The island of Newfoundland is at the mouth of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, with the Atlantic Ocean on the north, east and south.

The island of Newfoundland is separated from Labrador by the Strait of Belle Isle.

Labrador is on the northeastern tip of the Canadian mainland, with Quebec to the west and south, and the Atlantic Ocean down to the Strait of Belle Isle on the east. The northern tip of Labrador is on the Hudson Strait.

See Interactive Map of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Area of Newfoundland and Labrador

405,212 sq. km (156,453 sq. miles) (Natural Resources Canada, 2001)

Population of Newfoundland and Labrador

514,536 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Capital City of Newfoundland and Labrador

St. John's, Newfoundland

Date Newfoundland Entered Confederation

March 31, 1949

Government of Newfoundland

Progressive Conservative

Newfoundland Provincial Elections

Last Newfoundland Provincial Election: October 11, 2011

Next Newfoundland Provincial Election: October 13, 2015

Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador

Interim Premier Tom Marshall

Main Newfoundland and Labrador Industries

Energy, fisheries, mining, forestry, tourism

See Also:
Canadian Provinces and Territories - Key Facts

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