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Newfoundland and Labrador Facts

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Cape Spear Lighthouse, Newfoundland and Labrador

Cape Spear Lighthouse, Newfoundland and Labrador

Courtesy Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism

Updated: 2/8/12

About the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador:

The most eastern province in Canada consists of the island of Newfoundland and Labrador which is on the mainland of Canada. Newfoundland and Labrador is the youngest Canadian province, joining Canada in 1949.

Location of Newfoundland and Labrador:

  • the island of Newfoundland is at the mouth of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, with the Atlantic Ocean on the north, east and south.

  • the island of Newfoundland is separated from Labrador by the Strait of Belle Isle.

  • Labrador is on the northeastern tip of the Canadian mainland, with Quebec to the west and south, and the Atlantic Ocean down to the Strait of Belle Isle on the east. The northern tip of Labrador is on the Hudson Strait.

  • see Interactive Map of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Area of Newfoundland and Labrador:

405,212 sq. km (156,453 sq. miles) (Natural Resources Canada, 2001)

Population of Newfoundland and Labrador:

514,536 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Capital City of Newfoundland and Labrador:

Date Newfoundland Entered Confederation:

March 31, 1949

Government of Newfoundland:

Progressive Conservative

Newfoundland Provincial Elections:

Last Newfoundland Provincial Election: October 11, 2011

Next Newfoundland Provincial Election: October 13, 2015

Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador:

Premier Kathy Dunderdale

Main Newfoundland and Labrador Industries:

Energy, fisheries, mining, forestry, tourism

See Also:
Canadian Provinces and Territories - Key Facts

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