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Battle of Passchendaele

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Mud at Battle of Passchendaele

Mud at Passchendaele

William Rider-Rider / Canada. Dept. of National Defence / Library and Archives Canada / PA-002165

About the Battle of Passchendaele:

Arguments over strategy, heavy rains, and mud marked the controversial three-month Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres.

Pictures of the Battle of Passchendaele:

War:

Battle Dates:

July 31 - mid-November, 1917. The Canadian Corps began their attack on October 26, 1917.

Location of Battle:

Village of Passchendaele, Belgium, near Ypres.

Canadian Troops at Battle of Passchendaele:

20,000 members of the Canadian Corps

Canadian Casualties at the Battle of Passchendaele:

Over 15,000 Canadians dead and wounded

Canadian Honours at the Battle of Passchendaele:

Battle of Passchendaele Summary:

  • This offensive in Flanders was launched by British commander Sir Douglas Haig to break through the front and destroy the German submarine bases on the coast of Belgium.

  • The initial barrage of Allied artillery warned the Germans and created a mass of craters, potholes and dust in the battlefield. Heavy rains turned the field into a bog of thick mud that severely limited mobility.

  • British, Australian and New Zealand forces fought for months with few advances and 100,000 casualties.

  • When the Canadian Corps was ordered to relieve the Anzac forces in October, Canadian Lieutenant-General Arthur Currie objected but was overruled.

  • The Canadians began a series of attacks on October 26.

  • On October 30, with two British divisions, the Canadians began the attack on Passchendaele itself. By November 6 when reinforcements arrived, the village of Passchendaele was taken.

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