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Canadian Confederation

The events leading up to Canadian Confederation, the birth of Canada as a nation on July 1, 1867, and the constitutional and territorial evolution of Canada since that time.
  1. Canada Day
  2. Confederation Lessons K-8

Fathers of Confederation - Canada
Canadian Fathers of Confederation are the representatives of the British North America colonies who attended the three major conferences on Canadian Confederation.

Entry of Provinces into Canadian Confederation
Dates on which each of the provinces and territories joined Canadian Confederation.

British North America Act - BNA Act
The Act creating the Dominion of Canada in 1867.

Sir John A. Macdonald Biography
A Father of Confederation, Sir John A. Macdonald was a major architect of Canadian Confederation and received a knighthood for his work. He became the first Prime Minister of Canada in 1867.

Joey Smallwood Biography
Joey Smallwood was the driving force in bringing Newfoundland into Canadian Confederation in 1949 and then became Newfoundland's first premier - for 22 years.

How Canada Got Its Name
The name Canada was first used by Jacques Cartier in 1535. It wasn't the only name considered by the Fathers of Confederation in 1867 though.

Canadian Confederation
This Library and Archives Canada project outlines how Canada grew from four provinces at Confederation in 1867 to the present.

Canadian Constitutional Documents
The constitution of Canada includes Constitution Acts and unwritten laws and conventions since 1867. The Solon Law Archive covers the basic documents.

Territorial Evolution of Canada
Maps showing changes to Canada's boundaries since Confederation in 1867 to 1999 when Nunavut became Canada's third territory. From Library and Archives Canada.

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