About Jacques Cartier:
A French navigator, Jacques Cartier was sent by the King of France, François I, to the New World to discover gold and diamonds and a new route to Asia. Jacques Cartier explored what became known as Newfoundland, the Magdalen Islands, Prince Edward Island and the Gaspé Peninsula. Jacques Cartier was the first explorer to map the St. Lawrence River.
Between June 7 and December 23, 1491 in St-Malo, France
September 1, 1557 in St-Malo, France
Accomplishments of Jacques Cartier:
- Jacques Cartier gave Canada its name when he misunderstood or misused the Iroquois word for village "kanata" to mean the name of the whole area.
- Jacques Cartier discovered Prince Edward Island in 1534.
- He was the first explorer of the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
- Jacques Cartier built a fort at Stadacona, where Quebec City is now located.
- Further up the St. Lawrence, Cartier had Indian guides lead him to Hochelaga (Montreal).
- Jacques Cartier was the first explorer to chart the St. Lawrence River.
Major Expeditions of Jacques Cartier:
Jacques Cartier led three voyages to the St Lawrence region in 1534, 1535-36 and 1541-42.
Ships of Jacques Cartier:
- Grande Hermine (1535-36, 1541-42)
- Petite Hermine (1535-36)
- Émérillon (1535-36, 1541-42)
- Georges (1541-42)
- Saint-Brieux (1541-42)
Related Canadian Place Names:
- The name Montreal comes from Mount Royal, the mountain Jacques Cartier named for the King of France.
See Also: How Canada Got Its Name