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Adrienne Clarkson

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Adrienne Clarkson, Governor General of Canada 1999-2005

Adrienne Clarkson, Governor General of Canada 1999-2005

C.J. LaFrance / Getty Images

About Adrienne Clarkson:

A well-known CBC broadcaster, Adrienne Clarkson brought a new style to the role of Governor General of Canada. Originally from Hong Kong, Adrienne Clarkson was the first immigrant and the first Chinese-Canadian to be Governor General. Adrienne Clarkson and her husband philosopher and author John Ralston-Saul kept a high profile, worked hard and travelled extensively to Canadian communities, both large and small, during her six years as Governor General.

Reviews were mixed for Adrienne Clarkson's tenure as Governor General. Many in the Canadian Forces, of which she was Commander-in-Chief, regarded Adrienne Clarkson fondly for going the extra mile for the troops. At the same time, some Canadians considered her elitist, and there was public criticism of her lavish spending, including taking a delegation on a $5-million circumpolar tour to Finland, Iceland and Russia in 2003.

Governor General of Canada:

1999-2005

Birth:

Born February 10, 1939 in Hong Kong. Adrienne Clarkson came to Canada in 1942 as a refugee during the war, and grew up in Ottawa, Ontario.

Education:

  • BA, English Literature - University of Toronto
  • MA, English Literature - University of Toronto
  • Post-graduate work - La Sorbonne, Paris, France

Profession:

Broadcaster

Adrienne Clarkson and the Arts:

Adrienne Clarkson was a host, writer and producer at CBC Television from 1965 to 1982. Her CBC programs included

  • "Take Thirty"
  • "Adrienne at Large"
  • "Fifth Estate"
  • "Adrienne Clarkson's Summer Festival"
  • "Adrienne Clarkson Presents"
  • "Something Special"

Adrienne Clarkson also served as Agent General for Ontario in Paris from 1982 to 1987, and was Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Canadian Museum of Civilization from 1995 to 1999.

Adrienne Clarkson as Governor General of Canada:

  • Adrienne Clarkson travelled extensively across Canada to meet Canadians where they live. In her first year as Governor General of Canada she visited 81 communities and travelled 115,000 km (about 71,500 miles). She kept a similar pace for the next five years.

  • One of the themes of Adrienne Clarkson's time as Governor General was the North. In 2003, Adrienne Clarkson led a delegation on a three-week tour of Russia, Finland and Iceland to raise Canada's profile and focus attention on northern foreign policy issues. She also spent time as Governor General in the Canadian north, including visits to the troubled communities of Davis Inlet and Sheshatshiu. Adrienne Clarkson established the Governor General's Northern Medal to be awarded for achievements contributing to the evolution and reaffirmation of the Canadian North as part of the Canadian national identity.

  • Adrienne Clarkson made a point of visiting Canadian troops in the field, going to Kosovo and Bosnia, spending Christmas on frigates in the Gulf, and New Year 2005 in Kabul.

  • Adrienne Clarkson was asked by Prime Minister Paul Martin to stay on an extra year to provide stability and experience when Parliament was faced with a minority government.

  • When Adrienne Clarkson left office, it was announced that an Institute for Canadian Citizenship would be created in her honour, with up to $10 million in government backing.

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