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History of Immigration to Canada

Learn more about the people who helped build and populate Canada from this selection of resources on the history of immigration to Canada, mainly in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Pier 21 - Canadian Museum of Immigration
For 40 years, Pier 21 in Halifax, Nova Scotia was the first point of landing for more than a million Canadian immigrants. It is now the Canadian Museum of Immigration.

Canada Apologizes for Chinese Head Tax
The Prime Minister has made a formal apology on behalf of Canada to the Chinese Canadian community for the use of a head tax and the exclusion of Chinese immigrants to Canada.

Chinese Head Tax and Chinese Exclusion Act in Canada
From 1885 to 1923 Chinese immigration to Canada was discouraged by a head tax, and then the Canadian Chinese Exclusion Act stopped Chinese immigration to Canada for nearly a quarter of a century.

Forging Our Legacy
This survey history traces the role played by immigration in the development of Canada from 1900 to 1977.

Chinese Immigration to Canada
This CBC report tracks Chinese immigration to Canada, from cheap labour to help build the railway, the influx of highly educated immigrants and people smuggling.

The Canadian West
The arrival of Europeans and their settlement of the Canadian West and how they helped bring the West into Canadian Confederation. A digital exhibit from Library and Archives Canada.

German Immigration to Canada
This interesting exhibit includes personal stories, photos and statistics on German immigration to Canada. From the Virtual Museum of Canada.

Grosse Ile and the Irish Memorial
From 1832 to 1937, Grosse Ile was the quarantine station for the Port of Quebec, the main arrival point for immigrants to Canada. Thousands of Irish escaping the Potato Famine died there in 1847. From Parks Canada.

The Underground Railroad in Canada
Commemoration and links to Canadian communities that helped blacks flee slavery in nineteenth century United States. From Parks Canada.

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