About Jean Chretien:
A street-fighter with fine political instincts, Jean Chretien was an MP for 40 years and led three consecutive Liberal majority governments. Jean Chretien governments gave Canada liberal social policies and a healthy Canadian economy, including elimination of the deficit. In its later years, however, the Chretien government was marked by scandals over mismanagement and by a split in the Liberal party as Paul Martin pushed to take over the job of prime minister.
Prime Minister of Canada:
1993 to 2003
Highlights as Prime Minister:
- improvement in Canadian economy, including eliminating deficit and a budget surplus for five straight years
- passed Clarity Bill saying Quebec can only separate after a solid majority votes "yes" on a clear question.
- active social agenda included Child Tax Benefit
- ratified Kyoto Protocol
- worked for global ban on land mines
- pushed for establishment of International Criminal Court
- supported war on terrorism but would not send troops to Iraq without UN resolution for military action.
January 11, 1934 in Shawinigan Falls (now Shawinigan), Quebec
- BA - St. Joseph Seminary, Trois-Rivières
- LL.L. - Laval University
Ridings (Electoral Districts):
- Saint-Maurice - Laflèche 1963
- Saint-Maurice 1968
- Beauséjour (New Brunswick) 1990
- Saint-Maurice 1993
Political Career of Jean Chretien:
- Jean Chretien was principal organizer for Quebec Liberal Party Leader Jean Lesage in the 1960 provincial election in which Lesage was elected Premier of Quebec.
- Jean Chretien was first elected to the House of Commons in 1963.
- Having had two years to work on his English as a backbencher, Jean Chretien was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to Prime Minister Lester Pearson in 1965.
- He was Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Finance Mitchell Sharp in 1966.
- In 1967, Jean Chretien became Minister of State for Finance.
- He was appointed Minister of National Revenue in 1968.
- Later in 1968, Jean Chretien was appointed Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, a cabinet portfolio which he held until 1974.
- In 1974, Jean Chretien became President of the Treasury Board.
- He became Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce in 1976.
- In 1977 Jean Chretien was appointed Minister of Finance.
- He was appointed Minister of Justice and Attorney General in 1980.
- He became Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources in 1982.
- He took over the portfolio of Secretary of State for External Affairs in 1984.
- Jean Chretien became Deputy Prime Minister in 1984.
- When Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau resigned in 1984, Jean Chretien ran for the leadership of the Liberal Party, but was defeated by John Turner.
- Jean Chretien resigned from the House of Commons in 1986 and returned to the practice of law.
- By 1990 Jean Chretien was back and was elected Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada.
- He was elected to the House of Commons again in 1990.
- Jean Chretien was sworn in as Leader of the Opposition in 1990.
- When the Liberals won the general election in 1993, Jean Chretien was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada.
- Jean Chretien retired as Prime Minister of Canada in 2003.
- Paul Martin became the next Prime Minister of Canada.